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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  April 20, 2016 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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uncomfortable. we'll have that and more at 6:00. captions by: caption colorado >> pelley: flint's water contamination is now a criminal case. three officials are charged with felonies. >> they had a duty to protect the health of families and citizens of flint. they failed. >> pelley: also tonight, the front-runners look forward to the finish line. >> we don't have much of a race anymore. >> and victory is in sight. >> pelley: uncle sam says you have some change coming as women's history gains currency. and, the tiny island that is out to save the world. they're not just tilting at windmills. >> it's a definite king of the world moment. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: this is our western edition. today, the first criminal
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charges were filed in the water debacle in flint, michigan. a poor, mostly black city of 100,000. contaminated drinking water has poisoned children and many others with dangerously high levels of lead. now, two state regulators and one city employee have been charged with lying about what they knew. dean reynolds tells us the investigation is not nearly over. >> will you please tell us your name. >> reporter: with the charging of low level officials, flint's water crisis has now turned from careless to criminal. bill schuette is michigan's attorney general. >> they failed in their responsibilities to protect the health and safety of families of flint. they failed michigan families. indeed, they failed us all. >> reporter: stephen busch and michael prysby of the state department of environmental quality and michael glasgow, a flint water supervisor, are charged with misconduct and tampering with evidence, allegedly claiming flint's water
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was safe when they knew it was hazardous. busch and prysby allegedly failed to use the right amount of corrosion controls to keep pipes from leeching lead into flint's water, refusing even after they saw lead levels spike, and they're accused of rigging test results by sampling water only after they told residents to run their taps for five minutes or more. glasgow is accused of changing test results to show less lead than was actually found in the water. when it's in the bloodstream, lead can lower i.q.s and cause behavioral problems. as you poured over the evidence against these individuals, did you yourself wonder how they could have done this to other human beings? >> it caused me despair. it causes me anger. i think it causes most people anger and despair. >> reporter: the trouble is tied to flint's money-saving decision to draw water from its local river, starting in 2014, instead
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of the cleaner but more expensive source it had long tapped from detroit. melissa mays lives in flint. how do your children react to this? >> i told them. their first question was, is it governor snyder? i said, no, he's not on the list. they said, not enough. >> reporter: the attorney general said there will be more charges and that no one has been ruled out, not even the governor, who this week pledged to drink water for next 30 days drinking water from a flint household to show that when filtered, the water is now safe. two of the three facing charges pleaded not guilty this afternoon. the third did not appear in court and is now on administrative leave from his city job. scott, if convicted, they could spend four to 18 years behind bars. >> pelley: dean reynolds reporting tonight. dean, thank you. as you just heard, lead poisoning can damage the brain for life. courts have recognized this by approving settlements that pay
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out over decades. but tonight, in a cbs news investigation, anna werner looks at whether some finance companies have targeted the victims of lead poisoning and left them penniless. >> reporter: 31-year-old crystal linton was exposed to deteriorating lead paint starting at age three. she now suffers from irreversible brain damage. >> i was in special education probably for a few years and trouble reading, writing. i can't remember everything. >> reporter: a psychologist found she was left functionally illiterate with a fourth grade reading level. her family sued two landlords, eventually settling for $630,000. saul kerpelman was their attorney. >> the reason we're getting a settlement in the first place is they have mental disabilities. >> reporter: so in terms of managing money... >> they're just not competent to do it. >> reporter: to protect her future, the $630,000 was put
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into something called a structured settlement, where she would get monthly payments over the next 40 years. but then she started getting flyers like these in the mail, offering quick cash from companies including stone street capital of bethesda, maryland. all she had to do was sign some papers and tell a judge why she wanted the money. over the next year and a half, she sold her payment stream, then valued at $408,000, for $66,000, most of it to stone street capital. do you feel like you understood -- >> no. >> reporter: how it worked? >> no. >> reporter: you don't know how you signed away your money essentially? >> no. >> reporter: and just like that, her money was gone. >> it hurts. ( crying ) it hurts. >> it's impossible that she was able to read and understand the documents that were given to her. >> reporter: you're saying
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literally impossible. >> literally impossible. >> reporter: cbs news spoke to two dozen lead poisoning victims in baltimore who sold their settlements to similar companies. attorney earl nesbitt is with the national association of settlement purchasers, and represents some of those companies in court. do you think these people really understand what it is they're doing and what they're getting into? >> i do. i absolutely do. >> reporter: he says people often need larger amounts of money quickly. >> maybe they want to send a kid to college or buy a home, put a down payment on a home. >> reporter: we asked him about crystal linton's case. here's a woman who in her psychological exam literally did not know which direction the sun rises. does that case sound like a potentially problematic case to you? >> yes, very problematic. no doubt about it. >> reporter: so if you had met with this woman... >> i would advise my client, we can't continue with this transaction. >> reporter: but we found the company that did that transaction, stone street capital, is one nesbitt actually
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represents in texas. that was your company. >> all i can tell you is that should not have happened. >> reporter: now stone street told us they disclosed all the terms, that linton testified that she needed the money to keep her car and apartment and the court approved the sale. scott, crystal linton says she now has no money and may soon be homeless. >> pelley: anna werner with our investigation tonight. thank you. well, after twin landslide wins in new york last night, the presidential front-runners are sounding more like nominees. major garrett is with the republicans. >> reporter: after last night's blowout win in new york -- >> we had a great evening, really a great evening. >> reporter: -- donald trump today declared the race for the g.o.p. nomination virtually over. >> i'm about 300 delegates ahead of lying ted. >> reporter: trump's convention manager paul manafort told us he's just about finished assembling his new campaign team and predicted trump would not only win the nomination but do so with delegates to spare. trump is now the only candidate who could mathematically secure
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the 1,237 delegates necessary to win the nomination outright. ted cruz said today he would stop that from happening and force a contested convention. >> i'm not going the reach 1,237, and donald trump is not going the reach 1,237. >> reporter: cruz also called john kasich a spoiler who might be auditioning to be trump's running mate. kasich told us he would never join a trump ticket and was not dropping out. >> we're very upbeat here in the kasich camp. and we're looking forward to moving forward. >> reporter: rnc chairman reince priebus called donald trump today to congratulate him on his new york victory. that is a courtesy extended to every primary winner. importantly, scott, the two were unable to smooth over differences between rnc rules, delegate allocation or decide if there will be any more presidential debates. >> pelley: major garrett, thanks. so how does this change the race? joining us now from washington, john dickerson, our cbs news political director and anchor of "face the nation." john, how does the delegate map shape up for trump now after new york?
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>> well, so far donald trump has 844 delegates. to lock in the nomination at 1,237 delegates, that's the majority, he'll need to get 52% of the remaining delegates in contests coming up. and some of them are quite favorable to him in states like connecticut, maryland, pennsylvania, rhode island and new jersey. but, he's going to have to perform at the top of his game if he's going to clear that 1,237 pledge delegate threshold. >> pelley: now, we always talk about 1,237 being the number, but it could be less than that. he could clinch with less than that. >> there is some wiggle room. there will be about 100, a little more than 100 unpledged delegates who will go to the convention in cleveland with no allegiance to anyone. and if donald trump is short of that 1,237 mark, he could convince some of those unpledged delegates to come his way and give him the majority on the first ballot. it's also possible that there could be some credentials challenges that take delegates
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away from his total, though, so the wiggle room could go either way. >> pelley: a lot of horse trading yet to do. what about the democrats? >> hillary clinton, she has 1,425 pledged delegates. and if you add her lead with the pledged delegates to those superdelegates, where she has 502 to bernie sanders' 38, she would only need to win 27% of the remaining delegates to reach the democrats' magic number, which is 2,383. for sanders the reach the same number, he would need 73% of the remaining delegates. >> pelley: last primary is june 7th. john dickerson, we'll be watching you on "face the nation" sunday. thanks. so, do the police have the right to order you to take a blood alcohol test? the supreme court took up that question today and jan crawford is there. >> reporter: blood and breath tests have become a key tool in fighting drunk driving. but are police now going too far? typically, the government can
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suspend a suspected drunk driver's license for refusing to take a blood-alcohol test. but 14 states now impose harsher criminal penalties. police can perform the test without a warrant and lock up those who refuse. government attorney kathy keena. >> especially in those smaller jurisdictions where there are only one or two officers and you're requiring them now to get a warrant in every situation, not only is the public safety on the road going to be affected, but just public safety in general. >> reporter: some justices were sympathetic. justice samuel alito: but other justices clearly were troubled, especially by laws that can force someone to take a blood test. justice sonia sotomayor called the laws a very drastic change.
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now, critics of these laws say that is pure government overreach, scott, and police could get a warrant when they're transporting the drunk driving suspect to the hospital for the blood test. >> pelley: jan crawford at the court. thanks. president obama met for two hours today with saudi arabia's new king at a time when the friendship between our nations is strained to say the least. margaret brennan is there for us tonight in riyadh. margaret? >> reporter: well, scott, president obama was met by a small delegation, not the usual pomp and ceremony often given to visiting world leaders. his arrival wasn't even broadcast on saudi tv. senior saudi officials have made clear that the relationship with the u.s. will only improve after president obama leaves office. the saudis are particularly angry about that nuclear deal with iran, and they believe that only the next president, whether
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it's hillary clinton or even donald trump, will be able to restore saudi arabia's status as america's key ally in the mideast. saudi leaders also flatly reject president obama's description of them as "free riders," too reliant on american military might. most importantly, scott, because they say the u.s. needs saudi arabia to help defeat isis and al qaeda. >> pelley: margaret brennan traveling with the president in the kingdom tonight. margaret, thank you. the treasury secretary makes a tough decision on a tender issue. and we'll trumpet the discovery of a lost treasure when the "cbs evening news" continues. ♪ [jazz music playing] g to be 67. and on that day you will walk into a room where 15 people will be waiting... 12 behind the sofa, 2 behind the table and 1 and a half behind a curtain. family: surprise!
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face of the $20. and that's not all. here's julianna goldman with $35 and change. >> reporter: the abolitionist who risked her life bringing hundreds of slaves to freedom is moving a slave holder and former president to the back of the bill. >> having a woman on the $20 was really important. and i think harriet tubman will tell a powerful story about what a individual can do in this country to change the course of history. >> reporter: this wasn't the original idea. treasury secretary jack lew initially planned for a woman to join alexander hamilton on the $10. but a broadway hit about the founding father and first treasury secretary meant newfound fans rallying around not a woman, but hamilton himself. you're not denying that "hamilton" the musical played some part in all of this decision. >> i wouldn't exaggerate it. when i saw the show in august, i already at that point told the people i talked to, don't think
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this is going in place that you read about because it's more complicated than that. it's bigger than that. >> reporter: so lew went bigger, minting women's place in history on the $20, the $10 and the $5. the back of the new $10 will honor suffragettes like susan b. anthony and the redesigned $5 will feature eleanor roosevelt and showcase historic events at the lincoln memorial, like martin luther king's "i have a dream" speech. the design for all three bills will be unveiled in 2020, the 100th anniversary of women getting the right the vote. they'll go into circulation in the years following. barbara howard has been pushing to get a woman on the $20. >> the $10 will be distributed in early 2021, and we'd like to hear that same commitment for the new $20. >> reporter: the issue is security and making sure the money can't be counterfeited. scott, ultimately it's up to the federal reserve to decide when the money goes into circulation. and so lew tells us he's asking the fed to expedite that process. >> pelley: julianna goldman, next door to the white house at
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the treasury. julianna, thanks very much. today, we came across a treasure of the golden age of jazz. long-lost film of louis armstrong. ♪ nobody, not a soul this is the only known footage of armstrong in a recording studio. here he's working on his 1959 album "satchmo plays king oliver". coronet player joe king oliver was his mentor. the film was recently discovered after sitting in storage for decades. by the way, everyone called him louie, but he called himself louis. another strong earthquake. we'll have that story ahead. >> wi, but he called lou-wis.
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>> pelley: the u.n. says as many as 500 migrants may have drowned last week between north africa and italy when their boat sank. last year, more than a million people made this voyage to escape war and poverty in north africa and the middle east.
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overnight, ecuador was hit with another strong quake measuring 6.1. rescuers are digging through ruins, though more survivors from saturday's 7.8 quake are not likely. at least 100 people are missing, more than 550 were killed. coming up next, an island that runs on everything but fossil fuel. >> this portion of "the cbs evening news" is sponsored by prudential. thousands of people came out today to run the race for retirement. so we asked them... are you completely prepared for retirement? okay, mostly prepared? could you save 1% more of your income? it doesn't sound like much, but saving an additional 1% now, could make a big difference over time. i'm going to be even better about saving. you can do it, it helps in the long run. prudential bring your challenges
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beaten-track place. but a warming world is beating a path to samso's door. this place has already managed to get its greenhouse gas emissions virtually down to zero. it hasn't used any miraculous new technology. instead it's the old reliable renewables, wind and sun to make power, burning crop waste to produce heat, but it's not what samso has done, it's how it has done it that has caught the world's attention. >> i'll follow you up. >> reporter: climb with soren hermanesen, a leader in samso's rise to environmental fame, and you've got to go a long way up to understand how it works. these wind turbines weren't put up by some big conglomerate in search of government subsidies and profit. they were erected by local farmers and shareholders who saw that the island's economy could
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be improved and that they could cash in by investing in the environmental action. things look different when you can do well by doing good. it's a definite "king of the world" moment. >> we like the turbines better because we own them. we don't have the discussion about the ugly and the landscape. we don't have noise problems and the birds for some reason don't die around these turbines. >> reporter: jorgen tranberg earns as much by selling wind and solar power as he makes from cattle and crops. >> that helps. >> reporter: that turbine has repaid itself two or three times over? >> yes. >> it's a very good feeling. >> reporter: the good-news samso story has brought us here once before. and when we first visited here nine years ago, we found despite the lack of fossil fuels, the morning shower was hot, and it's still hot, but much has changed here, including the shower curtain color. samso, which was one considered
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to be at the radical edge of the response the climate change is now considered the model of how it should be done. now at the energy academy here, politicians and environmentalists from around the world come to study the samso way. >> in japan they call it viking leadership. i don't know what they... >> viking lead centers >> viking leaders. >> reporter: and there's more. they're working on another scheme now to stop running the new ferry on fossil fuels and to convert it to the methane that comes out of the back of the island's pigs. they're not finished here yet. mark phillips, cbs news, samso. >> pelley: and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight. for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good night. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news"
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hate. only on 5: why the u-c president says it's welcome-- even if it makes people uncomfortable. campus communities ought some call it free speech, others hate. only on "5," why the uc president said it's welcome even if it makes people uncomfortable. >> these are open speech campuses and campus communities ought to be places where different and sometimes extreme points of view are expressed. >> new at 6:00, taxpayer money going down the hole. why a wealthy bay area town couldn't afford to foot its own bill. >> it's not like we want to go to the state. we have no choice. >> the highs and lows of the 420 holiday what it's really like to have your neighborhood taken over by thousands of stoners. good evening, i'm veronica de la cruz. >> i'm ken bastida. thank you for joining juice new at 6:00 janet napolitano is making a commitment to protecting free speech on uc campuses even if that speech
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makes some students uncomfortable. only on "5" she told phil matier in this heated election year in the u.s. and heated debate over israel and palestine, students need to hear all the points even if they don't want to. >> reporter: that's right. we sat down with her because it was election year and we first question we had was, what is the primary going to bring to california? take a look. >> i think it will be a very lively election season in california. and particularly on our campus. >> reporter: one might add controversial as well as evidenced by the recent chalkings at two uc campuses with messages like deport them all, build the wall, save the tacos. >> we have seen this across the country. it's generally pro-trump supporters, um, taking some of his slogans and chalking them on sidewalks or on walls on college campuses. um, we had a recent incident at san diego. that is a form of speech in a way. >> reporter: but even at the birthplace


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